Puppies between the third week and the eighth month of life, like babies, have a very strong urge to bite. The teeth are growing and that is painful, itchy and annoying, and biting alleviates these problems. In this case, rubber toys are a good substitute for items found around house.
Many dogs, however, keep the habit even when they grow up. Pets that nibble on everything in sight, experts say, do it for several reasons. The first is a surplus of energy that they have nowhere to spend.
All dogs have a great need to be active. Walking and running for them is a basic need. If they spend lot of their time indoors, they have no way to spend energy.
The granules or concentrated foods also give them a lot of energy. They therefore have to find an alternative to the playing, and nibbling is only one of them.
Dogs will also bite stuff when they ask for attention. They want to be with the owners, talk and play with them. When the owners don’t have time, pets do not choose a way to get the attention.
This is also a case with dogs that spend a lot of time alone.
They see separation from families as something that is not natural. The temporary removal from the pack is the way of punishment used by the leader of the pack. In addition, there are psychological and physiological reasons why our pets have this need. When biting, the dog secretes saliva which is healthy for them. Saliva, being a basic pH in the stomach, it partially neutralizes stomach acidity.
Teaching pet not to bite and scratch things is not an easy undertaking. To break this habit, owners should first of all be patient. The younger the dog, establishing new rules of behavior will be easier. No matter how intelligent he is, the dog does not know what is good and what is not.
First of all, you should protect your things. All items that should not be bitten should be put out of reach. Books, flowers, cables or wires should be removed to a height that the pet cannot reach. At the same time you should offer him things he can nibble and tear. It is important that the owner keeps the eye on the dog and as soon they see the dog approaching to something that’s off the limits, owner must immediately stop him from doing that.
For pets that nibble at things because of the loneliness, it is necessary to change not only dogs habits, but also owner’s. Before they leave the dog in an apartment or a house,they should play with them, and calmly say that they are leaving home. The same sentence should be repeated every time owner leaves the dog alone, in order for them to stop being afraid.
Experts note that it is important not to confuse the dog. In fact, many owners give their old socks or slippers to pets to play with. Dogs, however, do not differentiate what is old and what is new, so they think it is ok to chew on those kinds of objects.
Destructive chewing, especially in puppies, can be prevented mechanically as well. You can add dog-repulsive smells and tastes that they do not like.