12 Natural Wonders You Have To Visit In Your Lifetime

Photo credit: Pixabay

Photo credit: Pixabay

There are some man-made creation worth of admiring, but we all have to agree that nature does better job, here are 12 natural wonders you have to see for yourself.

1. Great Barrier Reef, Australia

The largest coral reef in the world is located in the Coral Sea and stretches 2030 km along the edge of the continental shelf north-eastern Australia. It is spread over area of 344 km2 and it is visible from space.

One of the seven wonders of nature is made up of over 3,000 coral reefs and 900 islands and is on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. However, in the near future astronauts will not be able to admire this natural wonder because it might be destroyed soon. In fact, as the corals are extremely sensitive to changes in their environment its mass extinction is very possible due to rising sea temperatures and growing pollution that changes the acidity of the water, so visit it while you still can.

Photo credit: Flickr

Photo credit: Flickr

2. Paria Canyon – Vermilion Cliffs, Arizona

In the south of Arizona, on the border with Utah, lays one of the most beautiful landscapes on the planet. It is a canyon that is carved by nature in the magnificent scenery.

It is believed that these formations were caused by erosion, especially wind, in the Jurassic period. Sand dunes were eventually transformed into stone with the help of calcium salts. The famous “Wave”, named because of its unusual shape, is part of the canyon Paria. Due to the sensitive nature of this place, only twenty people a day receive permission to visit this amazing natural monument. Ten of them get chosen by lottery, after they applied four months earlier, but those who were lucky enough to see it say it is definitely worth it.

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Photo credit: Flickr

Photo credit: Flickr

3. Svínafellsjökull glacier, Iceland

This glacier, which is part of the great Vatnajökull glacier in the national park Skaftafel, may seem inhospitable, but with the proper equipment and a guide it is very popular destination for hiking.

Vatnajökull is the largest glacier in Iceland covering more than 8 percent of the country and is the largest ice cap in Europe. Its average thickness is 400 m, and below its icy surface, seven active volcanoes are still lurking. The interior of glaciers is also crisscrossed by a system of ice caves few kilometers long, and the surface is decorated with numerous lakes created after eruptions. Additionally this place gained its popularity after it became one of the shooting locations for several movies. If you like extreme, this is the place you should visit.

Photo credit: Google commons

Photo credit: Google commons

4. Grand Canyon, USA

Grand Canyon is located in northern Arizona in the United States. Canyon is 446 kilometers long and over 1,500 meters deep. Each year, Colorado is visited by more than five million people.

Among them, there is almost no person who has not paused at the edge of the canyon to admire the place where you can directly look into the history of the Earth. Many decide to go down a steep cliff into the depths of the canyon. The bravest among them fly down the rapids in rubber boats which can accommodate three to four people. Colorado River needed millions of years to create the Grand Canyon. One of America’s most popular national parks attracted not only tourists and nature lovers but also the scientists who still have not resolved its secrets.

Photo credit: Google commons

Photo credit: Google commons

5. Marble Cathedral – Lake Lago General Carrera – Patagonia, Chile

Las Cavernas de Marmol or Marble Cathedral is the main attraction of the lake Lago General Carrera in the region of Aisen in Chile. The waters of the lake shaped the marble walls for thousands of years, and they look magnificent today.

Anyone who enters the cave gets enchanted by surreal game of light, different shades of colors, depending on weather conditions and seasons. In the early spring, water in the lake is at its lowest point, because the surrounding glaciers have not yet begun to melt. For this reason, you’ll see the different shade of light compared to the one later in the year after the melting glaciers raised the water level over one meter. Rocks manifest different shades of colors that depend on natural impurities in the marble.

Photo credit: Google commons

Photo credit: Google commons

6. Turkey’s Fairy Chimneys

Have you heard of the fairy chimneys? According to legend, this strange natural formation represents the fairy chimneys of their homes in the soil located in the ancient region of Cappadocia.

They have volcanic formations of unusual shape, whose appearance will make you feel like you’re on another planet. Some of these rocks that are formed by the wind, snow and rain, are higher than 50 meters! The Wonderful fairy-tale-like forms of minarets arise because the hard rock at the top does not allow erosion, while the soft tufa on the sides does, and because of the wind it becomes thinner. In time these caps of hard stone fall and these spectacular formations are slowly disappearing. City Göreme is situated between these chimneys.

Photo credit: Pixabay

Photo credit: Pixabay

7. Maldives

Maldives archipelago is located in Asia in the Indian Ocean and has 26 atolls which cover a territory of 1,126 islands, from which two hundred are inhabited. Maldives are often called paradise on earth. Because of its beauty and blue sea these islands are one of the most beautiful places that you can visit in your lifetime.

The place is characterized by beautiful white sand beaches, reefs and very diverse vegetation. Great value and advantage of the Maldives is its underwater world. The Maldives are a great place for diving, with thousands of different species of fish and coral. City of Male, the capital of the Republic of Maldives is also the most populous city in the Maldives. It is one of the most beautiful places nature created and you should see it in your lifetime.

Photo credit: Flickr

Photo credit: Flickr

8. Galapagos

Galapagos Islands are located about 972 km west of the coast of Ecuador, the country to which they belong. A group of 19 islands were declared as a national park and biological marine reserve in 1959. Located at the crossroads of three ocean currents, the Galapagos is a true melting pot of marine species. Due to its isolation, the islands have preserved endemic species, on which Charles Darwin set his famous theory of evolution.

The untouched nature of the Galapagos Islands attracts tourists who come every year to this paradise and enjoy various activities such as diving, surfing, exploring, etc. You’re bound to see huge 200-pound turtles, marine iguanas and sea lions, when taking a tour at the archipelago that counts 25,000 inhabitants in an area of 9000 square meters. However, mass tourism and uncontrolled colonization are threatening conservation of biodiversity, and natural resources of this beautiful archipelago.

Photo credit: Flickr

Photo credit: Flickr

9. Madagascar

Madagascar is an island country in the Indian Ocean and the Mozambique Channel is separating it from southeast Africa. The isolated position of the country has made this fourth largest island in the world home to many animals and plants that you cannot see anywhere else on the planet.

Today in it has a population of 20 million inhabitants, and most are gathered in large cities. It is the world leader in the production of vanilla. The largest city and the capital is Antananarivo, and it is situated in the central part of the island, about 145 kilometers from the east coast. Madagascar is home to eighty percent of the world’s population of animals and plants that cannot be seen anywhere else. However, this unique eco-system could be soon gone due to the mass tourism and uncontrolled settlement.

Photo credit: Flickr

Photo credit: Flickr

10. The Dead Sea, Jordan

The Dead Sea is located on the northern part of the Great Rift Valley. River Jordan meanders from the north until it reaches the lowest point on the Earth’s surface, which is approximately 418 meters below sea level and there begins the sea that is surrounded by the hills of Judea on the west, and by Jordan Moab Mountains from the east.

But why it is so salty? The Jordan River and other smaller rivers, streams and springs bring a lot of salt to the Dead Sea. Since the sea is so deep in depression valley, water from it cannot flow out. From there, it can only evaporate. Although the water disappears, the salt and minerals remain. The consequence of this is that it is saltiest sea on earth, with salinity of about 30 percent, which is several times greater than the salinity of the ocean.

Photo credit: Google commons

Photo credit: Google commons

11. Zhangye Danxia Mountain, China

Zhangye Danxia Mountain formations are known Chinese destination that lure the curious glances of many tourists. Many artists admire this masterpiece of nature that looks like a perfect painting on canvas.

This attraction covers an area of 400 km2 in Gansu province in the northern part of central China. It consists of a large number of interesting rocks, many of which are several hundred meters high. This magnificent formations date back from the period six million years ago. Danxia geological structures are formed by erosion of red stone, which resulted with peaks with steep sides. The geological structure in combination with the weather and the humidity, cold and wind, has made one of the most famous wonders of this part of the world.

Photo credit: Pixabay

Photo credit: Pixabay

12. Salt Lake – Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia

Salar de Uyuni, the largest dried salt lake in the world is truly unique place on earth. Here earth and heaven become one in order to jointly create stunning breathtaking scenes.

These beautiful landscapes are located in southern Bolivia near Tunupa volcano, at an altitude of 3,650 meters. Salar de Uyuni is the largest Salina in the world and occupies an area of 11,000 square meters. During the rainy season, Salina is covered with a thin layer of water. Then the surface is transformed into the largest mirror in the world. While tourists have long been visiting this region, recently it taped the interest of industrialists, due to lithium, which is located just below the salt surface, and that could endanger the future of this place.